Stand Development an Introdcuction

Posted & filed under Introductions to, Photography.

Note: This Stand Development post assumes you know how to develop your own black and white negatives. If your new to developing check out this PDF tutorial from Illford.

What is stand development?

Stand DevelopmentStand development is a film processing technique where instead of agitating the chemicals during the development stage, you leave the developing tank to stand for a long time. This can produce a negative that is well balanced between the highlights and the shadow detail, with super smooth grain, and bring out shadow detail which would have otherwise remained underdeveloped.

How does it work?

The most active parts of the film during the development stage are the highlights. This quickly exhausts the developer, so once the highlights of the film have developed the shadows which are the least active parts of the film will continue to develop. Therefore it is important to remember to expose for the shadows if you are intending to stand develop your film. The highlights should be controlled by the development technique and gentle or no agitation. This method can be especially useful when shooting a high contrast scene.

Developing times start at around 50 minutes, so you have plenty of time to do other things (sleep, go shopping, watch a movie, have a beer) while you wait patiently for your negatives to develop. To compensate for the extended development time dilutions are typically a lot higher than standard starting at around 1+100 and this can be extended to much higher dilutions (1+200, 1+500) and longer developing times.

Due to the high dilution of the developer you could skip using a stop bath all together and go straight to the fixing stage. The rate at which the negative is developing is so slow that personally I doubt using a stop bath would be beneficial. So using this method can be a very economical way to develop your film.

If you choose to skip using stop bath I recommend that you replace this stage with water. This will help prevent your fixing agent from being contaminated with the developer solution.

Which developer should I use?

Start with Rodinal for your first try at stand development, its a fantastic developer and super easy to use. For more info on this developer see my blog post: An introduction to Rodinal. My favorite combination is using Fuji Acros 100 rated at 80 iso developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

The manufacturers of Rodinal recommend that for consistent results you use at least 6ml of Rodinal.

You can use any developer, some are better than others. See the stand development flickr group to checkout what developer/film combinations the flickr community are using. Digital truth also have some good starting times.

Examples of stand development:

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Vivitar Ultra Wide & Slim, Kodak Tri-X 400. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 1 hour.

Vivitar Ultra Wide & Slim, Kodak Tri-X 400. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 1 hour.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 1 hour.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 1 hour.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Olympus OM-1, Fuji Acros 100, rated at 80. Stand Developed in Rodinal 1+100 for 50 minutes.

Further reading:

Working with chemicals can be dangerous, use common sense. I recommend that you wear eye protection, gloves and an apron. Do not eat, drink, or smoke in your working area and keep it well ventilated. All photo processing chemicals should be kept out of reach of children. Ensure that you dispose of any exhausted chemicals in an environmentally friendly way.

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9 Responses to “Stand Development an Introdcuction”

  1. Niall

    Surely it’s 6ml per film, in which case you should use a larger tank rather than ditching half the dev?

    Anyway, the results look great. I need to experiment further with Rodinal.

    Reply
  2. stooky

    great resuts daniel, but just imagine how they would look in 6×6, 6×7 and 6×9!

    Reply
  3. Christopher

    Hey there, I just tryed stand development- Fuji Acros (120) @ 80 in Rodinal 1:100, 3 inversions first minute then another 3 after 30 minutes.

    The negatives look very thin, any suggestions?

    Best,

    Reply
    • Daniel Hewes

      Hi Christopher,

      By thin do you mean low on contrast? Maybe even under developed? or the shots on the negative being underexposed. An example image would great.

      How were your inversions? With stand developing they need to be very gentle and slow.

      If you could advise a little bit more information I’d be happy to help.

      Reply
  4. Melissa Harper

    Hi,

    I just have to say how wonderful your blog is. I’m at Uni at the moment & trying to find ways that i can work with film for my final project. (http://melsmtp.wordpress.com) I was fortunate that someone who liked my post on my medium format work has introduced my to the idea. Would you mind if I put a link to your blog on mine please?

    Regards

    Melissa

    Reply
  5. Christopher

    Hey sorry for my late reply, yeah the negatives are very underdeveloped. I try it again today. Firts time I had nearly no inversions. Just 3 times in the first minute and after 30 minutes again 3 inversions.

    I will post the results maybe later today. I have 1+100 and will go for 60 minutes with fuji acros @ 100 today. If the results are fine I will try kodak trix 400 also.

    Thanks!

    Reply
    • Daniel Hewes

      I do 3 gentle inversion at the start and then one more at the half time mark. This is usually called semi-stand. Experiment a little and find what works for you. Let us know how you go and good luck.

      Reply

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